Development needs are met by ensuring the experiences have few dictated rules, a larger amount of negotiated space and a bigger area of personal responsibility. It is important that we choose the environments/experiences that give the ability for the participants to experience our programmes within this framework. The Māori concepts of Kawa, Tikanga and Rangatiratanga have been interpreted by Bevan Tipene (Ngai Tahu-Kahungungu) to this model. The middle circle is represented by Kawa (Protocols), these are set and are the way things are done, usually these are non-negotiable. Tikanga (customs) fills the bigger middle space, this often can be different depending where you are and for that reason is more negotiable and the biggest area is Rangatiratanga. A rangatira is a chief, the suffix -tanga implies the quality or attributes of chieftainship, with young people this often implies personal responsibility.
Throughout the course of a developing relationship and programme, the leaders role is to decrease the centre 2 circles, allowing personal responsibility of the young person to grow in size. Each of these 3 circles can be destroyed by coercive relationships indicated by the black circle moving across the others.
Creating a development culture which facilitates growth and ownership