The 5 C’s model was developed by Karen Pittman, Merita Irby and other colleagues in 2002. Their research theorised that young people whose lives contained lower levels of each of the 5 C’s would be more highly at risk for a developmental path that included personal, social and behavioural problems and risks. To develop and strengthen a young person with the 5 C’s you need to build their;
- The ability and motivation for civic and social engagement, cultural engagement, physical health, emotional health, intellectual achievement and employability.
Having a sense of responsibility and autonomy.
Having a sense of spirituality and self-awareness.
Having an awareness of one’s own personality or individuality.
Membership and belonging.
Having a sense of safety and structure.
Having a sense of mastery and future.
Having a sense of self-efficacy.
Sense of being cared for and loved.
Ability to form strong friendships.
Desire to care for others; family, peers, community and global.
Psychologist Dr Richard Learner later stated that a young person who is strong in the 5 C’s will lead to the 6th C which is contribution;
- to self.
- to family.
- to community.
- to other aspects of society.
Hamilton, Hamilton & Pittman (2004)